Parkinson's Disease

What is Parkinson's?

Parkinson's is a degenerative neurological condition. It happens when cells in part of the brain die, causing a lack of the chemical dopamine.

How does Parkinson's affect people?

Without dopamine, people can experience a variety of symptoms at different stages:

  • Early stages - this is when movement-related symptoms are more prevalent, such as:
    • tremor or involuntary shaking, often in the hands
    • slowness of movement
    • rigidity, with stiff inflexible muscles

    This commonly causes changes to posture and problems with walking and balance, sometimes resulting in falls.
  • Later stages - this is when thought processing and behavioural problems can occur, including dementia or depression.


Unfortunately there is currently no cure for Parkinson's. Although it is not life-threatening, the symptoms deteriorate over time. This can cause great difficulty for individuals, their families and carers in performing day-to-day activities.

Why do I need a neurological physiotherapist?

Neurological physiotherapists are specialists and trained to understand the effects and interactions of Parkinson's symptoms. They can identify where rehabilitation should be focused, and work on areas and problems that specifically affect the individual using targeted physiotherapy.

This may include:

  • stretches to maintain a good posture
  • exercises to improve walking and balance
  • techniques to improve the ease of daily activities, such as getting in and out of bed, standing up and ascending or descending stairs

Neuro-physiotherapy can also help by providing support and advice to individuals with Parkinson's and their families and carers.

More information

For more information about Parkinson's visit:

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